Autodidact: self-taught

Oct
19
2012

Vocabulary

by V. L. Craven

A

Anhelonium Lewinii:  Peyote. Named after Louis Lewin, the first person to do a methodical analysis of the cactus.
Antinomy: [1]   a contradiction between two apparently equally valid principles or between inferences correctly drawn from such principles
[2] a fundamental and apparently unresolvable conflict or contradiction < antinomies  of beauty and evil, freedom and slavery
Apophthegems:
a short cryptic remark containing some general or generally accepted truth; maxim
Apotheosis:  the elevation or exaltation of a person to the rank of a god
Apotropaic:  Intended to ward off evil.

B

Bastion: [1] Fortification. a projecting portion of a rampart  or fortification that forms an irregular pentagon attached at the base to the main work.
[2] a fortified place.
[3] anything seen as preserving or protecting some quality,condition,  etc.: a bastion of solitude; a bastion of democracy.
Blandishments: something that tends to coax or cajole

C

Calchexia:  general physical wasting and malnutrition usually associated with chronic disease
Catarrh: inflammation of a mucous membrane, especially of the respiratory tract, accompanied by excessive secretions.
Cerebration:  To use the mind
Conspectus: A general survey of a subject.
Cretonne: A heavy unglazed cotton, linen, or rayon fabric, colorfully printed and used for draperies and slipcovers

D

Desuetude: A state of disuse or inactivity
Dorp: n. archaic or (South African) a small town or village.

E

Encomium:  Glowing and warmly enthusiastic praise
Ethnobotany: The plant lore and agricultural customs of a people.
Execration: the act of cursing or denouncing;  also   :  the curse so uttered

F

Fathom: Six feet/1.8 metres
Fillip: a blow or gesture made by the sudden forcible straightening of a finger curled up against the thumb

G

Gripsack: Suitcase

H

Heliograph:  a device for signaling by means of a movable mirror that reflects beams of light, especially sunlight, to a distance.

I

Inveigle:  To win over by coaxing, flattery, or artful talk.

M

Moon-faced: Having a round face
Mufti:
  [1]  A Muslim scholar who interprets the shari’a
[2]  Civilian dress, especially when worn by one who normally wears a uniform

P

Pellucid: [1]  : admitting maximum passage of light without diffusion or distortion <a  pellucid  stream>
[2]   :  reflecting light evenly from all surfaces
[3]   :  easy to understand
Prefatory: Of, relating to, or constituting a preface; introductory.
Purlieu: [1]  an outlying or adjacent district
[2]  a frequently visited place
Pusillanimous: Lacking courage and resolution : marked by contemptible timidity

R

Ravening: To feed greedily
Roustabout: [1]   a   :  deckhand;   b   :  longshoreman
[2] :  an unskilled or semiskilled laborer especially in an oil field or refinery
[3]  a circus worker who erects and dismantles tents, cares for the grounds, and handles animals and equipment
[4]   :  a person with no permanent home or regular occupation; also   :  one who stirs up trouble

 

S

Sagacity:  The quality of being discerning, sound in judgment, and farsighted; wisdom.
Surd: [ 1.]  Mathematics  An irrational number, such as  Vocabulary 2.
[2.]   Linguistics  A voiceless sound in speech.
Surmise:  a thought or idea based on scanty evidence  :  conjecture

T

Taphonomy: The study of the conditions and processes by which organisms become fossilized.

V

Vagitus: the cry of an infant
Verst:
Russian unit of measurement equal to 3500 feet/.66 miles/1.07 kilometres

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